Great skin is a reflection of effort and self-investment you have in yourself!

We have all been there, I myself have not always had great skin, and needless to say I have been quite lazy with looking after my skin. Over the past 2 years I have realised that investing time in yourself is very important we all get caught up in the daily hustle and bustle of life!

I am going to show you the perfect guide to figuring out what skincare you need for your specific skin, what you should look for depending on the outcome you would like to achieve!

Sit back, grab your cups of teas and lets talk all things skincare xoxo

Step 1 - Double Cleanse

When choosing your cleanser, one of the key things to look out for is making sure the pH of the skin is not affected by either using something that is too acidic or too alkaline. The skins pH can be between 4.45- 5.5 depending on your skin type if you only prefer to use one type of cleanser then choose this based on skin type.

However if your willing to go that extra mile then its always good to use an oil/cream cleanser followed by a micellar based cleanser, you skin will literally be left squeaky clean and nourished 🙂

  • Oil/ cream based cleanser – these work by attracting oil on your skin so for example if you have excess sebum production or have makeup on your skin this cleanser will help lift that from your skin! Your skin is then left with a layer of “good/essential” oil which leaves your skin feeling nourished.
  • Micellar based cleanser over water based – water based cleansers can be overly stripping for the skin of the skin of its hydrating properties, whereas micellar water is non-lathering formula that gently removes the build up of makeup residues, dirt and bacteria in a none drying manner.
  • Foaming cleanser – make sure these do not contain sodium Lauryl Sulphate (SLS) This is why foaming cleansers have a bad rep as they strip the skin of all its essential oil.
Step 2 - Toner

I feel like most people use Toners, however you might not fully understand why you are using it and what products/ ingredients work best!

Depending on what functionality your looking for these are the following ingredients you should keep an eye out for:

Target Dull Skin

Look for . . .

  • Natural exfoliants that help with brightening eg Papaya extracts , lactic acid

Target Combination Skin

Look for . . .

  • Vitamin C, Antioxidants – this will protect against sun/UV damage
  • Salicylic acid – Help control excess production of oil

Target Dry Skin / Mature Skin

Look for . . .

  • Hyaluronic acid – HA such as squalene, Vitamin E – will hydrate and help tackle fine lines
  • Vitamin C, Antioxidants – this will protect against sun/UV damage
  • Glycerine, Lecithin, Sodium PCA, Rose Extracts – Hydrate and replenish skin cells
  • Essential Oils

Target Oily / Acne prone Skin / Large pores

Look for . . .

  • Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) such as Glycolic acid, Salicylic acid and Lactic Acid – cleanse pores and will help remove trapped dirt, help control excess production of oil
  • Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA) – They specifically target blackheads and whiteheads, because BHA is oil soluble its able to penetrate through clogged pores and with its anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties it will help target acne prone skin.
  • Witch Hazel – Helps repair broken, irritated skin, reduces swelling
  • Red Clover Extract and Ribose – Helps to rebalance the skin and minimise the appearance of pores

Target Sensitive Skin

Look For . . .

  • Alcohol Free products
  • Aloe Vera – calms irritated skin
  • Amino Acids – help to remove impurities which can irritate the skin
  • Botanical infused products which will help to calm the skin eg rose, camomile, jasmine
  • Witch Hazel – Helps repair broken, irritated skin, reduces swelling
Step 3 - Essence

Essence is known to act as a primer for your serums/moisturiser. They work by acting as a stronger base prep to allow your serums and moisturiser to penetrate further into your skin. This deeper penetration provides extra hydration therefore allowing absorption of all the goodness from the product.

They also help to target fine lines, wrinkles, dull and uneven skin tones.

Essence are mostly watery and thinner in consistency than your serums! Best Application method is TAP, TAP, PAT!

Once again when choosing your products that best suits your skin type make sure the ingredients targets your needs!

Step 4 - Serum

Serums, work as this potent highly concentrated product targeted for your skins specific needs to hit the epidermis layer of your skin prior to applying thicker consistency products.

Most serums are specific to the time of day they should be used therefore always check this prior to adding this to your skincare routine.

NIGHT SPECIFIC ingredients – Retinols – Is a Vitamin A derivative helps the renewal of aging skin cells, thus the production of collagen increases which helps reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, dark spots/ hyperpigmentation and uneven texture of skin. AHA’s – Are water soluble acids that help the breakdown of skin cells therefore exfoliating the surface of the skin. They also help hydrate the skin surface.

Dull Skin: Green tea extract, Ferulic acid, Rentinols and Hyaluronic acid

Acne Prone: Salicylic acid, Retinols, Vitamin C and Niacinamide (helps the skin barrier, aids the improvement of the skin texture and minimises pores, helps target dark spots.)

Dry Dehydrated Skin: Vitamin E, Glycolic acid, Hyaluronic acid

Anti-aging and Mature Skin: Retinol and Niacinamide

Sensitive Skin: Polyhydroxic acid (PHA – gluconolacctone, lactobionic acid) this has similar properties as AHA and BHA but this acid is not as harsh.

Step 5 - Oil

This has definitely become a very popular asset to your skincare routine and a huge surge of oils are not available. Oils can penetrate into the skin, thus allowing moisture to be locked at the same time blocking unwanted toxins. As well as keeping the skin hydrated depending on the oil they can have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Depending on the concentration/ quantity of the following 2 ingredients your oil will have a different benefits: omega-3-fatty acids, mineral and antioxidants.

Omega-3-fatty acids – are unsaturated fatty acids this basically means they are chains of acids that contain strong bonds with the hydrogen. Poly – means multiple bonds aka Lionleic acid (LA) is an example of this. – How is this relevant to skin? Unsaturated fatty acids create a barrier on your skin to prevent your skin being exposed to free radicals/ dirt/ germs.

  • Oily/ Acne prone skin – LA in the form of ( rose hip, grape seed, pumpkin seed, hemp seed, black cumin, argon and sunflower oil) Tea tree oil is known for its anti-fungal and antibacterial properties.
  • Dry/ Sensitive skin – look for products that include high concentrations of vitamin E, omega-3-fatty acids (avacado oil) and inexpensive oils are extra virgin and jojoba oils.
  • Fine lines, Wrinkles, hyperpigmentation – Oils such, vitamin A, E and marula oil and rosehip oil.
Step 6 - Eye cream

Why not use your moisturiser as an eye cream? The concentrations of the ingredients found in eye creams are less harsh as the skin around the eyes is super delicate and fragile.

When choosing an eye cream remember the following:

Target fine lines and wrinkles – Vitamin C, peptides, retinols

Target dryness and fatigue – Ceramides and hyaluronic acid

Dark circles – Vitamin C, sodium ascorbate, Niacinamide, or vitamin B3, and kojic acid 

Puffiness – Caffeine

Step 7 - Moisturiser

The purpose of a moisturiser is to lock in moisture based on your skin type therefore keeping it hydrated to help with keeping the skin looking and feeling youthful and plump.

Moisturises can contain SPF, Retinols and AHA. During the day if you choose to use a moisturiser without SPF be sure to use a SPF post application as this will act as a barrier from free radicals and pollution. Moisturisers containing Retinols should only be used in evening including AHA.

Lets start with the breakdown of different types moisturisers based on skin type:

Ointment – Dry irritated skin – thicker in consistency helps lock in the moisture

Cream – Normal/ Combination skin – thinner in consistency

Lotion – Oily skin – main component is water therefore they are very runny

Step 8 - SPF + Lip Balm

SPF must be worn all year long! Just because the sun is not shining that doesn’t mean you wont get sun damage!

Did you know theres a difference between sunscreen and sunblock? – Sunscreen absorbs UVA rays and converts them to heat also tends to be more mineral consistency which needs to be applied every 2-3 hrs. Sunblock protects against UVB Rays therefore actually blocking the suns rays! and does not need to be applied as frequently.

What can sun damage do?

UVA Rays:

  • Damage the epidermis causing hyperpigmentation, dark spots, uneven skin tones
  • Fine lines, wrinkles
  • Cancer

UVB Rays:

  • Burn and cause redness to skin damaging the skins epidermis

Choose a broad spectrum SPF that ranges from 30-50 any higher will make no difference! Just unnecessarily cost more!

LIP BALMS! – Don’t neglect your lips, choose a balm that hydrates and chapped dry lips and also one that contains SPF for daytime wear!

Try to implement at least a few of these steps if not all! and your skin will honestly be transformed! GLASS SKIN?? This is literally the key!

I will be going further in depth in my future blogs as it was super hard to not expand further on each step!

I would love to know what your holy grail products are!

My skin is normal- combination, during pregnancy it was definitely more problematic and became acne prone! So below you will see a wide range of products which I or my mum have used that have worked wonders!

Lots of love